Farm Safety Check: Grain Handling Safety

Farm Safety Check: Grain Handling Safety


Grain handling is a high-hazard activity, where workers face serious injury and death. Youth should not be in grain bins or silos or in/around flat storage structures unless they are empty, proper lock-out/tag-out and other safety procedures are followed, and the youth is at least 16 years old.

Have you taken the proper steps to ensure the safety of grain bins/silo entry on your farm?


The checklist below lists a few common hazards you can look for and fix to keep your workers and family safe.

  • Has equipment been powered off at main disconnect and locked and tagged? 
  • If there is potential for combustible gas, vapors or toxic agents, has the oxygen level been tested with a gas monitor?
  • Is a rope and harness available for anyone entering a grain bin?
  • If a worker enters, is an observer present and in communication?
  • Is the observer trained and able to initiate rescue?
  • Is rescue equipment provided and specifically suited for entry?
  • Are there NIOSH approved masks or respirators available?
  • Are grain and feed bins clearly labeled to warn of the hazards of flowing grain or feed?
  • Do all bins have permanent ladders inside and outside?
  • Are hearing protectors available for wearing around noisy equipment?
  • Are equipment guards and shields in place and in good condition?

You and/or your employee(s) can download and print a pdf checklist to complete safety checks on your farm.  Keep the completed forms for follow-up, future reference and inspections.


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